Conscious Hydrocide of Urban Waters- A Solution through Ethics and Economics of Sustenance: A Study of Salt Lake City, Kolkata

By Suranjana Banerji and Deblina Mitra.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: December 8, 2015 $US5.00

Water is a finite renewable resource. Almost three percent of the earth is made up of fresh water of which only one percent is fit for human consumption. This one percent is being used for a large number of purposes in the various continents of the world. People tend to consider water to be a ubiquitous and abundant resource, and hence begin to waste the gradually reducing resource. This conscious “killing” of water resource is termed as “hydrocide.” To understand this, a study was conducted in the township of Salt Lake City in Kolkata, India, to evaluate the degree of ethical usage of water and to suggest measures for its sustainable management. The main objective of this study is to use moral codes to encourage people to prevent the mindless extraction of the groundwater in Salt Lake City just to suffice the people’s demand for daily requirement of water. To come to a suitable conclusion, questionnaire surveys as primary data have been obtained. Since people are being supplied by surface water as well as groundwater in this satellite township, the regularity and quantity of water supply are completely disregarded by both the suppliers as well as the consumers. So to achieve a sustainable water supply and to prevent the deterioration of the existing aquifers the ethics of the people have been studied after which a possible ethical approach has been devised. In this paper, an attempt has been made wherein consumers become the stakeholders in managing this gradually diminishing resource. This approach can minimize the consumer side wastage, for the purpose of better allocation to every individual living here so as to establish the ability to adapt to an ethical approach in the planned township of Salt Lake City.

Keywords: Finite renewable resource, Ethical approach, Sustainable management

The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, Volume 11, Issue 4, December 2015, pp.21-45. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: December 8, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.035MB)).

Dr. Suranjana Banerji

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Presidency University, Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Deblina Mitra

Research Scholar, Department of Geography, Presidency University, Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India