Water Scarcity and Health in Arid Regions: A Comparative Study of Nigeria and Spain

By Obinna P. Uguru and Anita Meldrum.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Safe drinking water and adequate sanitation for all are perhaps the most important
measures that could reduce disease and save lives whilst at the same time reducing poverty in
developing countries. It is generally agreed that water availability and quality are critical and
central to the realisation of the UN Millennium Development Goals. This study investigates
the causal factors of public health issues due to water scarcity. It draws out the key actions that
need to be taken to ensure secure clean water supplies and the main barriers to their sustainability.
Two countries are investigated: Spain and Nigeria. Using these countries as exemplars of practice in developed and developing regions, inferences are made about problems and the solutions to water scarcity management that are emerging today.

Keywords: Water Scarcity, Public Health, Water Management, Developing Countries, Climate Change

The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp.69-82. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 332.335KB).

Dr Obinna P. Uguru

PhD Research Student, School of Built and Natural Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK

Obinna is a graduate of Industrial Chemistry (B.Sc., Nigeria) and Energy and Environmental Management (M.Sc., UK). He is currently a Ph.D. research student in the School of Built and Natural Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK, researching on water resource management in developing countries, specifically on the theme “Water Reclamation and Reuse in Developing Countries.” His broad areas of research interests include environmental resources management, sustainability, and water re-use.

Dr. Anita Meldrum

Senior Lecturer, School of Built and Natural Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK

Anita has over 20 years of experience in the water industry, design and project management of international water, and wastewater treatment projects. She also has level EHS management experience in the water and electronics industries. More recently, her EHS consultancy experience includes providing regulatory impact assessment, waste market research, and sustainability and environmental management studies for both private and public sector organizations. She also worked on a voluntary basis as a non-executive director and chairman in a local economic development company. Her research/subject interests include: worker engagement in health and safety in construction, environmental management, and sustainability.