Influence of the 3 Rs on Modern Approaches in Sustainable Architecture

By Hanaa Dahy and Jan Knippers.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The researcher discusses the abbreviated term, “3 Rs” as one of the main approaches to reach guaranteed sustainable architecture. This term stands for “Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle”. Each factor of the “3Rs” is thoroughly analyzed and illustrated through different examples showing variable approaches in modern architecture and construction. Considering that buildings and constructions are from the main causes of environmental deterioration and excess destruction of natural resources, some directions in the construction field started taking place to try saving the environment. Therefore, different modern building approaches are through the research illustrated and analyzed. The examples’ analysis is accomplished through discussing the main design symptoms and structural considerations, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. Some of these methods are still under experimental verification, while others have been approved to be efficient and sustainable when used in construction. The research ends up with conclusions describing the most effective approaches and construction methods used to reach a sustainable architecture. In addition, recommendations are given to specify the issues that are still lacking when dealing with the 3 Rs in the sustainable architecture approach.

Keywords: Environment, Sustainability, Construction Approaches, Recycling, 3Rs

The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp.43-53. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 742.060KB).

Jun.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hanaa Dahy

PHD Candidate, Faculty of architecture and Urban Planning, Uni Stuttgart, ITKE, Institue of Building Structures and Structural Design, Stuttgart, Baden Württemberg, Germany

From 1998-2003, the Bachelor Degree was earned from Ain Shams University, Faculty of Engineering, Architecture Department- Cairo, Egypt, with A+ score, first rank with Honors. From the same university the master degree was accomplished in architecture in 2006. From 2003-2009, I worked in both academic and professional practices. Academically, I worked in both Ain Shams University and the Arab Academy for Sciences and Technology. Professionally, I worked in 3 architectural offices in addition to private work in my home office. I published 2 papers in 2007 and 2009, in addition to attending and participating in more than 25 conferences and workshops in the period between 2002-2010. Since the end of 2009, I'm a PHD candidate at the University of Stuttgart, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning in ITKE (Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design). I gave a course last summer semester entitled, "Do it Yourself-Up cycle Wastes into Building Products" and the course's outcome was a built Prototype of pure recycled building materials. The course participants were 20 students and the Prototype was sponsored and built in common work with other 15 institutes and companies in Germany.

Prof. Dr. Ing. Jan Knippers

Head of the ITKE Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Uni Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Baden Württemberg, Germany