Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Challenges for India

By Hem Aitken.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Climate change is one of the most pressing challenges facing humankind today. Science about climate change is quite certain and its impacts are being felt across the globe with increasing temperatures, changing weather patterns, increased frequency of extreme events, melting glaciers and rising sea levels. Almost all the countries are feeling the heat, though to varying extents. Developing countries like India will bear the brunt of climate change due to financial constraints and lack of expertise for adaptation and mitigation technology. Climate change will have far reaching implications for India due to its high dependence on resources and also the potential to violate constitutionally guaranteed rights to life and livelihood of the people. The Supreme Court of India has developed many principles and precedents in landmark cases and appears as a ray of hope to protect the potential violation of rights of people due to climate change. This paper proposes to provide an overview of the impacts of climate change on the world and on India and the role the Supreme Court can play in protecting the constitutional rights to life and livelihood.

Keywords: Climate Change, India, Constitution, Supreme Court

The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp.1-14. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 348.309KB).

Hem Aitken

Doctorate Student, College of Business, School of Law, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

I am pursuing a Ph.D (Environmental Law) from the University of Western Sydney (UWS), Sydney, Australia. Prior to this, I finished my M.Sc. (Environment Management), B.Sc. (Environmental Science) and Bachelor of Law in India. I worked as Co-ordinator (Research and Programmes) for seven years in M.C. Mehta Environmental Foundation, a non-profit organisation in Delhi. The work profile involved organising environmental awareness programmes for various sections of society including students, teachers, NGOs, lawyers and enforcement agencies as well as conducting research on various issues related to environmental protection and sustainability. I am interested in working on issues related to climate change and its impacts on India and laws and policy for addressing this challenge.