How Can We Create a Viable Home for Ourselves? New Forms of Housing in Madrid (Spain)

By Maria Eugenia Macia Torregrosa and Javier Camacho Diez.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: March 6, 2014 $US5.00

Through a public call, the 16 Vallecas Housing Project (Madrid) was selected by the Superior Council of Colleges of Architects of Spain to represent Spain in the Project Green Building Challenge in Australia in 2008.The proposal is located in a newly created peri urban area, where the spatial framework of the historical city is non-existent and where architecture should not evade its ability to "create" place. It's a bioclimatic building that respects the environment. A compromise between improved technical capabilities and a moderate cost of production was acheived through a rational use of new materials. Contrary to the existing standard of the compact housing block, we intend an increasing dissolution of the block and a maximum permeability between the open community spaces and the public space of the city. For energy efficiency, the homes are furnished with mechanisms optimized through the proper orientation of the building (toward the southwest, placing an oriented ventilated façade with shutters set flush to it), thereby ensuring that the light and heat from the sun is maximized. This work has been regarded as the Best Performance in Housing Protected for new construction of public a Spanish initiative in 2009 by the Association of Promoters and Builders of Spain (ASPRIMA).These new forms of housing planned by the Camacho-Maciá Architects architecture Studio are intended to prevent the negative environmental impacts usually produced by new constructions. The reduction of co2 emissions, the thermal efficiency, recycling of materials as well as durability and flexibility are some of the objectives that lead us to think and build forms of living with less environmental impact.

Keywords: 16 Vallecas Housing Project, Bioclimatic Building, New Materials, Maximum Permeability, Energy Efficiency

The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, Volume 9, Issue 2, March 2014, pp.115-124. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 6, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 3.044MB)).

Dr. Maria Eugenia Macia Torregrosa

Professor, Department of Building Engineering, Universidad San Pablo CEU, Polytechnic University, Madrid, Spain

María Eugenia Maciá Torregrosa graduated from the Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid ETSAM before going on to become a doctor of architecture at the ETSAM and professor of architectural construction design at the San Pablo CEU University (Madrid, Spain). She has taken part in numerous courses, seminars and congresses, as well as in numerous projects, programs, contracts I+D+i or agreements with private companies and public administration. She is the author of several works of investigation published in magazines of investigation, minutes of congresses and seminars. She is a professor in the Engineering Department of the Building of the Technical High School of Architecture of the San Pablo CEU University, and collaborates in the study of architecture at Camacho+Maciá Architects together with Javier Camacho Diez.

Prof. Javier Camacho Diez

Professor, Department of Architectural Projects, Universidad San Pablo CEU, Madrid, Spain

He is architect by the Technical school Superior of architecture of Madrid (UPM), since October 1998, with the qualification of outstanding. He has held the positions of Head of studies, Assistant Director and General Secretary of the CES-CEU Architecture since 2002 until 2006. Professor in the Architectural Projects Department of the Technical High School of Architecture of the San Pablo CEU University and collaborates in the study of Architecture Camacho+Maciá Architects together with María Eugenia Maciá Torregrosa , since 2000, to whom has developed numerous projects and obtained several international prizes (National competition for the Auditorium and Theater of Campo de Criptana (Ciudad Real-Spain), International competition of projects for the development of the Olympic Village (Madrid), International ideas competition for 5.688 housing (project VIVA) in Mieres (Asturias), National competition for VPP in Vallecas Ensanche 36 residential building (Madrid), National contest of ideas for building of houses of VPP in Vallecas Ensanche 16 (Madrid)).